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Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) Establishment Day

Date: July 1

People celebrates the return of Hong Kong from Great Britain to China. Hong Kong is borrowed to UK for being colony for 155 years from China. In 1984, both countries agreed Hong Kong being returned China on July 1, 1997. After the return, Hong Kong would be governed acording to China’s “One Country, Two Systems” policy and China wold not implement a socialist economic system.

Hong Kong people and different organizations hold programs and marches to vocie out their opinion and disatisfaction of the government policy. Also, some of the parties take this time to advocates the democracy to citizen.

HKSAR Establishment Day commemorates the end of British Colonial Rule on July 1, 1997.


Though Hong Kong is inhabited because the Neolithic Age, the region now referred to as Hong Kong remained distant from your important events that occurred in Imperial China for almost all of its own history. Hong Kong simply started to draw the interest of China and the remaining world within the 19th century. Hong Kong was first seen by way of an European in 1513, by the Portuguese mariner Jorge Alvares. He first landed in the isle of Lintin, that’s to the west of the New Territories while in the Pearl River Delta.

Alvares started trading using the Chinese, along with the Portuguese continued to make periodic trade stops at various places along the shore. This lead the Portuguese to set a long-term trading station at Macau, which was to function as the first European settelement in Chinese land. The Portuguese introduced Europe to tea, silk, along with other Asian luxury goods, and from the mid-18th century, these things were in high demand, and in particular, tea. Currently, China enjoyed a near monopoly on the complete tea sector, and insisted that all tea be bought in silver. The British, so that you can purchase tea from China, grew opium and sold it for silver, which it subsequently used to purchase tea to export. Tensions appeared over rising Chinese dependenec on opium, which culminated inside the destruction in over 20 chests of opium in Canton.

Hong Kong became a crown colony in 1843. For the very first twenty years of its own existance, the colony had virtually no authorities as no British civil servants talked any Chinese. Exacerbating issues, there was little contact involving the European and Chinese communities. The first specially recruited Hong Kong civil servants to become taught Cantonese were recruited in 1862, markedly improving relations.

Hong Kong entered a dark age through the Japanese Occupation of The Second World War, which continued for three years and eight months. The Japanese assumed management of Hong Kong once the Governor of Hong Kong, Sir Mark Young, conceded to Imperial Japanese Army on 25 December 1941 after 18 days of furious fighting. Following the Japanese surrendered on 15 August 1945, and civilian rule was reestablished on 30 August 1946.

The Hong Kong market took advantage of the new pool of workers who have been willing to work for nearly every wage, building a textile industry lead by Shanghainese entrepreneurs who had fled the Communists. During this time frame, the economy grew extremely quickly and Hong Kong grew into some of the biggest industrial centers in Asia. Towards the 1970’s, Hong Kong started to move from the textile industry and develop its financal and banking market. This lead to even greater quantities of riches, and Hong Kong quickly became among the wealthiest nations on earth.

It was done between Margaret Thatcher and Deng Xiaoping in 1984.

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